Volume 51, Number 3, May-June 2020
|Page(s)||14 - 16|
|Published online||30 June 2020|
Arabic Science of Light: The birth of modern optics and of the experimental method
Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Laboratoire de Physique des Lasers, CNRS(UMR7538), F-93430 Villetaneuse, France
2 Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Laboratoire de Spectroscopie Ultrarapide and Lausanne Centre for Ultrafast Science (LACUS), ISIC, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
3 Centre d’Histoire des Sciences et des philosophies arabes et médiévales, UMR 7219, CNRS, Université Paris VII. Case 7093, 75205 Paris cedex, France
A millenium ago, the world witnessed a major revolution via the field of Optics. The study of Light, freed from postulates and axiomatic approaches, by the Arab Scholar Ibn-Al-Haytham marked the birth of the experimental method with its observational and analytical protocols, and the use of mathematics in formalising them. This revolution lead to the awakening of Sciences in Europe throughout the middle ages till the Renaissance.
© European Physical Society, EDP Sciences, 2020
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