Liquid Metal Energy Harvester by Acoustic Wave (Vol. 49 No.4)

Liquid Metal Energy Harvester by Acoustic Wave
Current generation by modulating the liquid metal shape with an applied acoustic wave

Application of a temperature gradient to a magnetic medium leads to the generation of a spin current referred to as the longitudinal spin Seebeck effect (LSSE). In a magnetic insulator such a current is created by a flux of thermal magnons. Using spin-dependent electron scattering processes in the adjacent normal metal this current can be converted to an electric voltage. The voltage evolution is determined by the development of the temperature gradient ∇T(x,t) and by the characteristics of the magnon’s motion.
By analysis of the time-dependent LSSE voltages in platinum-coated Yttrium Iron Garnet (YIG) ferrimagnetic films, the authors assumed that thermally-driven magnons with energies above 20 K move through the YIG layer ballistically due to their almost linear quasi-acoustic dispersion law. Consequently, the interaction processes within the ‘acoustic’ magnon mode do not change the magnon propagation velocity, while the number of magnons decays exponentially within an effective propagation length of 425nm. This length was found to be mostly independent on film thickness that proves the ballistic magnon transport scenario.

J. Jeon, S. K. Chung, J.-B. Lee, S. Joo Doo and D. Kim, Acoustic wave-driven oxidized liquid metal-based energy harvester, Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 81, 20902 (2018)
[Abstract]